All Theory Questions

Questions


Please remember that you will be asked questions from a previous grading.


White Belt - 10th Kup

  1. Who is your Instructor? – Mr Adam Gibbs 4th Degree Blackbelt.
  2. Where does Taekwon-Do come from? – South Korea
  3. How do you form a fist? – Roll your fingers over then tuck your thumb in
  4. What is the name of your training suit in Korean? – Dobok
  5. What is the name of your belt in Korean? – Ti
  6. What is the name of your training Hall in Korean? – Dojang
  7. Count to 10 in Korean? – Hanna, Dool, Seth, Neth, Dasaul, Yasaul, Ilyop, Yodoll, Ahop, Yoll
  8. What does the colour white signify? – White signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-do.
  9. What is walking and sitting stance in Korean? – Gunnon Sogi (walking) Annun Sogi (sitting)
  10. Name 2 blocks in Korean? -An Palmok Makgi (inner forearm block) Bakat Palmok Makgi (outer forearm block)
  11. Who is the founder of Taekwon-Do and when? – General Choi Hong Hi 9th Degree on 11th April 1955
  12. What is High, middle and low section in Korean? – Nopunde (high) Kaunde (middle) Najunde (low)
  13. How many moves in Sajo Jirugi 1 & 2 and Sajo Makgi? – Sajo Jirug 1 & 2 have 15 moves and Sajo Makgi has 17 moves
  14. What is the Korean for Reverse and Obverse? – Bandae (reverse) Baro (obverse)
  15. Name the 5 tenets of Taekwon-Do? – Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self-Control, Indomitable Spirit.
  16. What does Taekwon-Do stand for? – Foot, Hand and way
  17. Who is your Grading examiner? – Mr Vaughn Buxton 5th degree Blackbelt
  18. What is the Korean for Inner and Outer forearm? – An Palmok(inner) Bakat Palmok (outer)

Yellow Stripe - 9th Kup


  1. How many moves in Chon-ji? – 19
  2. What is the meaning of Chon-ji? – Chon-Ji literally means ‘Heaven and Earth’. In the Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts, one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
  3. What is front snap kick & side piercing kick in Korean? – Ap Chabusigi (front snap kick) & Yopcha Jirugi (side piercing kick)
  4. What part of the foot is used when performing front snap kick and side piercing kick? – Ball of the foot – Ap Kumchi (front kick), Foot sword – Balkal (side kick)
  5. What is the Korean for a pattern? – Tul
  6. What is the Korean for a Thrust? – Tulgi
  7. What does the colour Yellow signify? – Yellow signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root, as TaeKwon-Do foundation is being laid.
  8. What is L-stance in Korean? – Niunja Sogi
  9. What is the weight distribution in L-stance & primary leg? – 70 / 30 the back leg is primary due to having most weight on it
  10. What is the Korean for 3 step sparring? – Sambo Matsoki
  11. Name 3 blocks in Korean? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok Makgi, Najunde Sonkal Makgi and Chookyo Makgi.
  12. What is the blocking tool when using Rising block? – The outer forearm
  13. Is Rising block performed half or full facing? - Full facing
  14. What is the Korean for double punch? – Doo Jirugi
  15. When was taekwon-Do introduced to the UK & by Whom? – 1967 by Master Rhee Ki Ha
  16. What is the Korean for fore fist & where? – Ap Joomuk
  17. What is the Korean for knifehand & where? – Sonkal
  18. What is the Korean for Open fist Thrust (from 3 step sparring no.2) & where? – Pyun Joomuk Tulgi
  19. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory.

Yellow Belt - 8th Kup

  1. How many moves in Dan-Gun? – 21
  2. What is the meaning of Dan-Gun? – Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C.
  3. How do you form a knifehand Guarding block and what’s the Korean name? – Sonkal Daebi Makgi
  4. How do you form twin forearm block and what’s the Korean name? – Sang Palmok Makgi
  5. How do you form inward outer forearm block and what’s the Korean name? – Anaero Bakat Palmok Makgi
  6. When performing twin forearm block, which is the primary block & why? – The middle outer forearm block, facing the primary technique
  7. What is the Korean for side piercing, turning & front snap kick? – Yop Cha-Jirugi, Dollyo Chagi & Ap Chabusigi
  8. What part of the foot is used in front snap, side piercing & turning kick – Ball of the foot – Ap kumchi & Foot sword – Balkal
  9. What body position should you be, in L-stance? – Half facing only
  10. What is Left and Right in Korean? – Wen (left) and Orun (right)
  11. What is the Korean for 3 step sparring? – Sambo Matsoki
  12. Name 5 blocks in English & Korean? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi and Sonkal Daebi makgi
  13. Is Twin forearm block performed half, side or full facing? – Half Facing
  14. What is the Korean for Outward knifehand strike? – Bakaero Sonkal Taerigi
  15. What is significant about the years 1955 and 1967? – Taekwon-Do was foundered 1955, Taekwon-Do came to the UK 1967
  16. What does the colour Green signify? – Green signifies the plant’s growth as Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop
  17. Name 3 stances in English & Korean? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention) Sogi (Stance)
  18. What is the Korean for inward and outward? – Anaero (inward) Bakaero (outward)

Green Stripe - 7th Kup

  1. How many moves in Do-San? - 24
  2. What is the meaning of Do-San? – Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch’ang Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which was devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
  3. How do you form a high outer forearm block and what’s the Korean name? – Nopunde Bakat Palmok Makgi
  4. How do you form wedging block and what’s the Korean name? – Hechyo Makgi
  5. How do you perform straight fingertip thrust and what’s the Korean name? – Sun Sonkut Tulgi
  6. How do you perform the release move, what’s its purpose & the Korean name for grasp & release? – Japkgi (grasp), Japyasol tay (release)
  7. How do you perform high backfist strike and what’s the Korean name? – Nopunde Dung Joomuk Taerigi
  8. What is the Korean for side piercing kick and what part of the foot is used? – Yop chajirugi using Balkal
  9. What is the Korean for turning kick and what part of the foot is used? – Dollyo Chagi using Ap kumchi
  10. Describe sitting stance? – 50/50 weight, one & half shoulder width between big toes and toes pointing straight forward and grip like to the floor.
  11. What are the 5 Tenets of Taekwon-Do? – Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self-Control, Indomitable Spirit.
  12. Name 6 blocks in English & Korean? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi and Hechyo makgi
  13. What is the attacking tool when using straight fingertip trust in English & Korean? – Sonkut (finger tips)
  14. Is Wedging block performed half or full facing? – Full facing
  15. What is the Korean for thrust and strike? – Tulgi (thrust) and Taerigi (strike)
  16. What is the Korean for punch, kick, block & stance? – Jirugi, Chagi, Makgi & Sogi
  17. What does the colour Green signify? – Green signifies the plant’s growth as Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.
  18. Name 4 stances in English & Korean? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention) Sogi (Stance)
  19. What is the Korean for the 2 parts of the foot which can be used for turning kick? – Ap Kumchi (ball of the foot) and Baldung (instep)
  20. What is the Korean for forearm guarding block? - Palmok Daebi Makgi
  21. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory

Green Belt  - 6th Kup

  1. How many moves in Won-Hyo? – 28
  2. What is the meaning of Won-Hyo? – Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.
  3. How do you form closed ready stance A and what’s the Korean name? – Moa Junbi Sogi A – Both feet together and Hands 30cm from the Philtrum
  4. How do you perform inward knifehand strike and what’s the Korean name? – Anaero Sonkal Taerigi
  5. How do you perform bending ready stance A and what’s the Korean name? – Goburyo Sogi A
  6. How do you perform circular block, what’s its purpose & the Korean name? – Dollymio Makgi
  7. What is the difference between grading sparring and competition sparring? – Grading is to show control, movement, blocks and a wide variety of techniques. Competition is only using your best techniques.
  8. What is the Korean for front, side and back? – Ap, Yop and Dwit
  9. What is the Korean for back piercing kick and what part of the foot is used? – Dwitcha Jirugi using Balkal (foot sword)
  10. How do we get power into our techniques? - Speed & Acceleration, Breath Control (Kihap), Relaxation & Tension, Correct Technique, Body Mass
  11. Whilst performing walking stance, what body facing can you be in? – Full, Half and Reverse Half facing
  12. Name 6 blocks in English & Korean? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi and Dollymio makgi
  13. What is the Korean for twin vertical punch? – Sang Sewo Jirugi
  14. Is Circular block performed half, full or reverse half facing? – Reverse half facing
  15. What is the Korean for fixed stance & describe it? – Gojong Sogi – 50/50 weight, distance between the big toes is one & half shoulder width, both feet point 15 degrees inward, primary leg is in front
  16. What is the Korean for elbow? – Palkup
  17. What does the colour Blue signify? – Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
  18. Name 5 stances in English & Korean? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Sogi (Stance)
  19. What is the Korean for free sparring? – Jayu Matsoki
  20. What is the Korean for one step sparring? – Ilbo Matsogi
  21. What is the Korean for Strike, Thrust, punch, kick, block & stance? – Taerigi, Tulgi, Jirugi, Chagi, Makgi & Sogi
  22. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory

Blue Stripe - 5th Kup

  1. How many moves in Yul Gok? – 38
  2. What is the meaning of Yul Gok? – Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the ‘Confucius of Korea’. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents “scholar Gentleman & Samurai”.
  3. What is the purpose of the 1st & 4th move of Pattern Yul Gok? – It is a focus and measure of the distance between yourself and a target area.
  4. How do you perform Hocking block and what’s the Korean name? – Golcho makigi
  5. How do you perform X stance and what’s its purpose & the Korean name? – Kyocha sogi – The ability to turn & pivot quickly in any direction
  6. How do you perform twin knifehand block, what’s its purpose & the Korean name? – Sang Sonkal makgi – blocking 2 separate attacks at the same time with the knifehand.
  7. What is the difference between grading sparring and competition sparring? – Grading is to show control, movement, blocks and a wide variety of techniques. Competition is using your best techniques.
  8. How do you perform Double forearm block and what’s the Korean name? – Doo Palmok makgi
  9. What is the Korean for Reverse Turning kick and what part of the foot is used? – Bandae Dollyo Chagi using Dwichook (Back Heel)
  10. How do we get power into our techniques? – Speed & Acceleration, Breath Control (Kihap), Relaxation & Tension, Correct Technique, Body Mass
  11. What is the difference between jumping and flying techniques? – Jumping is to gain Height and Flying is to gain Distance.
  12. Name 6 blocks in English & Korean? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi, Dollymio makgi, Golcho makgi, Sang Sonkal makgi and Doo Palmok makgi.
  13. What is the Korean for downward (axe) kick and what part of the foot is used? – Naeryo chagi using Dwichook (Back Heel)
  14. What is the Korean for flat fingertip thurst? – Opun Sonkut Tulgi
  15. What is the Korean for Walking stance & describe it? – Gunnon Sogi – 50/50 weight, Length is one & half shoulder widths and one shoulder width wide, front foot points forward & back foot point 25 degrees outward, front leg bent and back leg straight, primary leg is in front
  16. What is the Korean for front elbow strike? – Ap Palkup Taerigi
  17. What does the colour Blue signify? – Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
  18. Name 5 stances in English & Korean? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Kyocha ( “X” ) Sogi (Stance).
  19. What is the Korean for free sparring? – Jayu Matsoki
  20. What is the Korean for one step sparring? – Ilbo Matsogi
  21. What is the Korean for Jumping, Flying, Strike, Thrust, punch, kick, block & stance? – Twigi, Twimyo, Taerigi, Tulgi, Jirugi, Chagi, Makgi & Sogi
  22. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory

Blue Belt - 4th Kup

  1. How many moves in Joong-Gun? – 32
  2. Meaning of Joong-Gun? – Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea , known as the man who played the leading role in the Korea-Japan merger. The 32 movements in this pattern represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison in 1910.
  3. What is the Korean for U-shape block and its purpose? – Digutcha Makgi – To block a pole or staff with the Arc hand of both hands
  4. What other name is given to U-shape block. Both English & Korean? – Pole block – montong makgi
  5. What is the Korean for Twin upset punch? – Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
  6. What is the Korean for Rear foot stance & explain it? – Dwitbal Sogi
  7. What is the Korean for Low stance & explain it? – Nachuo Sogi
  8. What is the release move in Joong-Gun & explain it? – Japkgi (grasp), Japyasol tay (release)
  9. Name 7 different blocks. Both in Korean & English? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi, Dollymio makgi, Golcho makgi, Sang Sonkal makgi, Doo Palmok makgi, Digutcha makgi, Noolyo makgi, Sonkal Dung makgi, and Kyocha Chookyo Makgi
  10. Name 6 different kicks. Both in Korean & English? – Apcha busigi (front snap kick), Yop chajirugi (side piercing kick), Dollyo chagi (turning kick), Dwit chajirugi (back piercing kick), Bandae Dollyo chagi (reverse turning kick), Naeryo chagi (downward or axe kick), Noollo chagi (pressing kick), Yonsok chagi (consecutive kick)
  11. Name 7 different stances. Both in Korean & English? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Kyocha ( “X” ), Nachuo (Low), Dwitbal (rear foot) Sogi (Stance).
  12. Name 7 different hand parts. Both in Korean & English? – Fore fist (Ap Joomuk), Back fist (Dung Joomuk), Side fist (Yop Joomuk), Knifehand (Sonkal), Reverse Knifehand (Sonkal Dung), Finger tips (Sonkut), Arc Hand (Bandal Son), Elbow (Palkup), Palm (Sonbadak), Open fist/palm heel (Pyun Joomuk)
  13. Name 5 different foot parts. Both in Korean & English? – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi), Foot sword (Balkal), Instep (Baldung), Back Heel (Dwichook), Toes (Balkut), Back sole (Dwitkumchi), Reverse Foot sword (Balkal Dung).
  14. Name 6 different hand attacks from pattern Joong-Gun. Both in Korean & English? – Upward elbow strike – Wi Palkup Taerigi, Angle punch – Giokja Jirugi, Twin upset punch – Sang Dwijibo Jirugi, Twin Vertical punch – Sang Sewo Jirugi, Fore fist punch – Ap joomuk Jirugi, Backfist Strike – Dung Joomuk Taerigi
  15. What is the ready position in Joong-Gun. Both in Korean & English? – Closed ready stance “B” – Moa jumbi sogi “B” (Hands 15cm from the Navel)
  16. Why do we perform 1-step sparring? – To practice and learn distance, timing and correct target areas
  17. Why do we perform patterns? – To practice both offensive & defensive techniques against imaginary opponent, or opponents. To build strength, speed, balance and timing with your body.
  18. Why do we learn the meanings of patterns? – To gain inspiration and remember the history of those who came before us.
  19. What is Pressing Block in Korean? – Noolyo Makgi
  20. What is the Korean for “X” rising block? – Kyocha Chookyo Makgi
  21. What does the colour red signify? – Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, whilst warning the opponent to stay away.
  22. What is the Korean for Angle punch? – Giokja Jirugi
  23. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory

Red Stripe - 3rd Kup


  1. Meaning of Toi-Gye? – Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century A.D), who was an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birth-place on 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents “scholar, Gentleman & Samurai”
  2. What is the 2nd and 5th move of Toi-Gye. Both in Korean & English and explain its target area? – Upset Finger tip thrust – Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi – Lower Abdomen
  3. Demo & what is the Korean for slow twin side elbow thrust? – Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi – performed in slow motion
  4. What is the Korean for “W” shape block? – San makgi
  5. What is the Korean for “X” fist pressing block? – Kyocha Joomuk Noollo makgi
  6. What is the Korean for twin front grasp & explain it? – Sang Ap Japki
  7. What is the Korean for upward Knee kick & explain it? – Ollyo Moorup Chagi
  8. Name 8 different blocks. Both in Korean & English? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi, Dollymio makgi, Golcho makgi, Sang Sonkal makgi, Doo Palmok makgi, Digutcha makgi, Noolyo makgi, Sonkal Dung makgi, Kyocha Chookyo makgi, Kyocha Noollo makgi, miro makgi and San makgi
  9. Name 6 different kicks. Both in Korean & English? – Apcha busigi (front snap kick), Yop chajirugi (side piercing kick), Dollyo chagi (turning kick), Dwit chajirugi (back piercing kick), Bandae Dollyo chagi (reverse turning kick), Naeryo chagi (downward or axe kick), Noollo chagi (pressing kick), Yonsok chagi (consecutive kick)
  10. Name 7 different stances. Both in Korean & English? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Kyocha ( “X” ), Nachuo (Low), Dwitbal (rear foot) Sogi (Stance).
  11. Name 7 different hand parts. Both in Korean & English? – Fore fist (Ap Joomuk), Back fist (Dung Joomuk), Side fist (Yop Joomuk), Knifehand (Sonkal), Reverse Knifehand (Sonkal Dung), Finger tips (Sonkut), Arc Hand (Bandal Son), Elbow (Palkup), Palm (Sonbadak), Open fist/palm heel (Pyun Joomuk)
  12. Name 5 different foot parts. Both in Korean & English? – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi), Foot sword (Balkal), Instep (Baldung), Back Heel (Dwichook), Toes (Balkut), Back sole (Dwitkumchi), Reverse Foot sword (Balkal Dung) Knee (Moorup).
  13. Name 6 different hand attacks from pattern Joong-Gun. Both in Korean & English? – Upward elbow strike – Wi Palkup Taerigi, Angle punch – Giokja Jirugi, Twin upset punch – Sang Dwijibo Jirugi, Twin Vertical punch – Sang Sewo Jirugi, Ap Fore fist punch – Ap joomuk Jirugi, Backfist Strike – Dung Joomuk Taerigi
  14. What is the ready position in Toi-Gye. Both in Korean & English? – Closed ready stance “B” – Moa jumbi sogi “B” (Hands 15cm from the Navel)
  15. Why do we perform 1-step sparring? – To practice and learn distance, timing and correct target areas
  16. Why do we perform patterns? – To practice both offensive & defensive techniques against imaginary opponent, or opponents. To build strength, speed, balance and timing with your body.
  17. Why do we learn the meanings of patterns? – To gain inspiration and remember the history of those who came before us.
  18. How do we generate power into W-shape block? – By using our body weight whilst turning and landing into the block.
  19. Name 3 different fingertip thrusts. Both in Korean & English? – Upset Finger tip thrust – Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi, Flat finger tip thrust – Opun Sonkut Tulgi, Straight finger tip thrust Sun Sonkut Tulgi.
  20. What does the colour red signify? – Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, whilst warning the opponent to stay away.
  21. What is the Korean for Low Double Forearm Pushing Block? – Najunde Doo Palmok Miro Makgi
  22. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory

Red Belt - 2nd Kup


  1. How many moves in Hwa-Rang? – 29
  2. Meaning of Hwa-Rang? – Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 A.D. This group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea . The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.”
  3. What is the 1st move of Hwa-Rang. Both in Korean & English and explain its purpose? – Palm Pushing Block – Sonbadak Miro Makgi
  4. Demo & what is the Korean for downward Knifehand strike? – Naeryo Sonkal Taerigi
  5. What is the Korean for the upward punch in Hwa-Rang & explain its purpose? – Ollyo Jirugi
  6. What is the Korean for “X” fist pressing block? – Kyocha Joomuk Noollo makgi
  7. What is the Korean for sliding & explain it? – Mikulgi – It is an effective technique for covering a long distance in one smooth motion.
  8. Which 3 patterns have release moves. Demo & explain the difference between them? – Do-san, Joong-Gun and Hwa-Rang.
  9. Name 8 different blocks. Both in Korean & English? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi, Dollymio makgi, Golcho makgi, Sang Sonkal makgi, Doo Palmok makgi, Digutcha makgi, Noolyo makgi, Sonkal Dung makgi, Kyocha Chookyo makgi, Kyocha Noollo makgi, miro makgi and San makgi
  10. Name 7 different kicks. Both in Korean & English? – Apcha busigi (front snap kick), Yop chajirugi (side piercing kick), Dollyo chagi (turning kick), Dwit chajirugi (back piercing kick), Bandae Dollyo chagi (reverse turning kick), Naeryo chagi (downward or axe kick), Noollo chagi (pressing kick), Yonsok chagi (consecutive kick), Bituro chagi (twisting kick)
  11. Name 7 different stances. Both in Korean & English? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Kyocha ( “X” ), Nachuo (Low), Dwitbal (rear foot), Soojik (vertical), Sogi (Stance).
  12. Name 8 different hand parts. Both in Korean & English? – Fore fist (Ap Joomuk), Back fist (Dung Joomuk), Side fist (Yop Joomuk), Knifehand (Sonkal), Reverse Knifehand (Sonkal Dung), Finger tips (Sonkut), Arc Hand (Bandal Son), Elbow (Palkup), Palm (Sonbadak), Open fist/palm heel (Pyun Joomuk)
  13. Name 5 different foot parts. Both in Korean & English? – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi), Foot sword (Balkal), Instep (Baldung), Back Heel (Dwichook), Toes (Balkut), Back sole (Dwitkumchi), Reverse Foot sword (Balkal Dung) Knee (Moorup).
  14. When performing L-stance & punch in Hwa-Rang. Is it obverse or reverse & why? – Obverse (Baro), as rear leg is the primary leg and the rear hand used.
  15. What is the ready position in Hwa-Rang. Both in Korean & English? - Closed ready stance “C” – Moa jumbi sogi “C” (Hands 10cm from the lower abdomen)
  16. Name the 4 parts of your forearm. Both in English and Korean? – Bakat (outer) An (inner) Dung (back) Mit Palmok (forearm belly)
  17. Why do we perform patterns? – To practice both offensive & defensive techniques against imaginary opponent, or opponents. To build strength, speed, balance and timing with your body.
  18. Why do we learn the meanings of patterns? – To gain inspiration and remember the history of those who came before us.
  19. What is Twisting kick in Korean & what part of the foot is used? – Bituro Chagi – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi).
  20. Name 3 different fingertip thrusts. Both in Korean & English? – Upset Finger tip thrust – Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi, Flat finger tip thrust – Opun Sonkut Tulgi, Straight finger tip thrust Sun Sonkut Tulgi.
  21. What does the colour Black signify, What is meant by impervious to darkness & fear? – Black is the opposite of white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.
  22. What is the Korean for Vertical stance & explain it? – Soojik Sogi – body weight 60/40, rear leg is primary as most weight is on it, both feet pointed 15 degrees inward, length of 1 shoulder width between big toes.
  23. How have you supported your club and organization? – Think of all the things you have done over the years.
  24. Why do we do free sparring and 2 on 1 sparring? – To learn how to block, evade and counter against more than one attacker.
  25. What is the difference between ITF & WTF Taekwon-do? – ITF is the Traditional Taekwon-Do based on the teachings of General Choi Hong Hi 9th Dan, the founder of Taekwon-Do. In sparring ITF TKD allows punching to the head. The Olympic style of WTF TKD is a sport that shares the name (although written differently). During Olympic WTF TKD competitions no punching to the head is allowed. WTF TKD do perform Patterns (poomse) but these are not based on the original 24 patterns designed by the founder of Taekwon-Do, Gen Choi Hong Hi. As WTF TKD is a sport the onus is on beating someone, that someone being an opponent, the original International Taekwon-Do Federations (ITF) Taekwon-Do is based on self development and improvement of one’s self.
  26. One question from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous TheoryHow many moves in Toi-Gye? – 37

Meaning of Hwa-Rang? – Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 A.D. This group eventually became the driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea . The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.”

Black Stripe - 1st Kup

  1. HowHow many moves in Choong-Moo? – 30
  2. Meaning of Choong-Moo? – Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which was the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason that this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
  3. What is the purpose of the 360 jump and spin into Knifehand guarding block in Choong-Moo?- To avoid a sweep or low attack and to disorientate the opponent.
  4. Demo & what is the Korean for X-knifehand checking block? – Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi
  5. What is the Korean for upward twin palm block? – Ollyo Sang Sonbadak Makgi
  6. What is the Korean for flying side kick? – Twimyo Yop Chagi
  7. What is the Korean for sliding & explain it? – Mikulgi – It is an effective technique for covering a long distance in one smooth motion.
  8. Which 3 patterns have release moves. Demo & explain the difference between them? – Do-san, Joong-Gun and Hwa-Rang.
  9. Name 10 different blocks. Both in Korean & English? – Najunde Bakat Palmok makgi, Kaunde An palmok makgi, Najunde Sonkal makgi, Chookyo makgi, Sang Palmok makgi, Sonkal Daebi makgi, Hechyo makgi, Dollymio makgi, Golcho makgi, Sang Sonkal makgi, Doo Palmok makgi, Digutcha makgi, Noolyo makgi, Sonkal Dung makgi, Kyocha Chookyo makgi, Kyocha Noollo makgi, miro makgi, San makgi, Ollyo Sang Sonbabak makgi and Kyocha Sonkal Momchau makgi.
  10. Name 8 different kicks. Both in Korean & English? – Apcha busigi (front snap kick), Yop chajirugi (side piercing kick), Dollyo chagi (turning kick), Dwit chajirugi (back piercing kick), Bandae Dollyo chagi (reverse turning kick), Naeryo chagi (downward or axe kick), Noollo chagi (pressing kick), Yonsok chagi (consecutive kick), Bituro chagi (twisting kick), Twimyo Yop chagi (flying side kick).
  11. Name 8 different stances. Both in Korean & English? – Gunnon (Walking), Annun (Sitting), Niunja(L stance), Narani (Parrallel), Charyot (Attention), Gojong (fixed), Moa (closed), Goburyo (bending), Kyocha ( “X” ), Nachuo (Low), Dwitbal (rear foot), Soojik (vertical), Sogi (Stance).
  12. Name 8 different hand parts. Both in Korean & English? – Fore fist (Ap Joomuk), Back fist (Dung Joomuk), Side fist (Yop Joomuk), Knifehand (Sonkal), Reverse Knifehand (Sonkal Dung), Finger tips (Sonkut), Arc Hand (Bandal Son), Elbow (Palkup), Palm (Sonbadak), Open fist/palm heel (Pyun Joomuk)
  13. Name 5 different foot parts. Both in Korean & English? – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi), Foot sword (Balkal), Instep (Baldung), Back Heel (Dwichook), Toes (Balkut), Back sole (Dwitkumchi), Reverse Foot sword (Balkal Dung) Knee (Moorup).
  14. What is the Korean for Inward Reverse Knifehand strike? – Anaero Ap Sonkal Dung Taerigi
  15. What is the Korean for Head? – Mori
  16. Name the 4 parts of your forearm. Both in English and Korean? – Bakat (outer) An (inner) Dung (back) Mit Palmok (forearm belly)
  17. Why do we perform patterns? – To practice both offensive & defensive techniques against imaginary opponent, or opponents. To build strength, speed, balance and timing with your body.
  18. Why do we learn the meanings of patterns? – To gain inspiration and remember the history of those who came before us.
  19. What is Twisting kick in Korean & what part of the foot is used. Also what section for what height kick? – Bituro Chagi – Ball of the foot (Apkumchi). Low kick to the front, Middle kick to the 45 degree line and High kick over your shoulder to the side & behind you.
  20. Name 3 different fingertip thrusts. Both in Korean & English? – Upset Finger tip thrust – Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi, Flat finger tip thrust – Opun Sonkut Tulgi, Straight finger tip thrust Sun Sonkut Tulgi.
  21. What does the colour Black signify, What is meant by impervious to darkness & fear? – Black is the opposite of white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.
  22. What is the Korean for Vertical stance & explain it? – Soojik Sogi – body weight 60/40, rear leg is primary as most weight is on it, both feet pointed 15 degrees inward, length of 1 shoulder width between big toes.
  23. How have you supported your club and organization? – Think of all the things you have done over the years.
  24. Why do we do free sparring and 2 on 1 sparring? – To learn how to block, evade and counter against more than one attacker.
  25. What is the difference between ITF & WTF Taekwon-do? – ITF is the Traditional Taekwon-Do based on the teachings of General Choi Hong Hi 9th Dan, the founder of Taekwon-Do. In sparring ITF TKD allows punching to the head. The Olympic style of WTF TKD is a sport that shares the name (although written differently). During Olympic WTF TKD competitions no punching to the head is allowed. WTF TKD do perform Patterns (poomse) but these are not based on the original 24 patterns designed by the founder of Taekwon-Do, Gen Choi Hong Hi. As WTF TKD is a sport the onus is on beating someone, that someone being an opponent, the original International Taekwon-Do Federations (ITF) Taekwon-Do is based on self development and improvement of one’s self.
  26. Who’s your greatest inspiration in Taekwon-do? – Your Answer! 
  27. Why did you start Taekwon-Do? – Your Answer!
  28. What is your greatest moment in Taekwon-Do? – Your Answer!
  29. If you had to pick a 6th tenet of Taekwon-Do what would it be and why? – Your Answer!
  30. What is the difference between a martial artist & a sports person? – Your Answer!
  31. Why do you want to be a Blackbelt? – Your Answer!
  32. Any amount of questions from previous Gradings! – Remember and know your previous Theory questions



Kings Taekwon-Do


incorporating


Primary Taekwon-Do Clubs